EUCAS 2019 in Glasgow is the 14th European Conference on applied Superconductivity. Held from September 1 to 5, this edition of EUCAS would include social events, short courses, satellite meetings and abstract submissions aimed to bring together people, who are working in various fields of applied superconductivity, from across the world.
The event’s keynote speaker is Professor Ian Chapman, who heads the CCFE (Culham Centre for Fusion Energy) and is the CEO of United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA). There will be three plenary speakers – Professor Satoshi Awaji of Tohoku University’s HFLSM (High Field Laboratory for Superconducting Materials), Institute for Materials Research; Professor Irfan Siddiqi, who is the director of UC Berkeley’s CQCS (Center for Quantum Coherent Science) and Quantum Nanoelectronics Laboratory; and CERN Senior Scientist – Dr. Amalia Ballarino. Though what these speakers will talk about in EUCAS is still not made public, it’s expected that they will share their work, experience, and foresight related to the field of applied superconductivity.
EUCAS 2019 in Glasgow will have three short courses, which are as follows:
Course 1, which will run a full day, is about the design of superconducting magnets for particle detectors and accelerators. Switzerland-based CERN’s Dr. Paolo Ferracin, and Netherlands-based University of Twente’s Prof. Herman Ten Kate would be in charge of this course.
Engineers and physicists involved in the fields of applied superconductivity and magnet technology, and having an interest in the relevant physical parameters, basic principles, as well as numerical and analytical tools employed to design superconducting magnet will find the course lectures intriguing.
For every application that’s considered, the courses will begin by presenting the characteristics and properties of superconducting cables and strands. This will be followed by the major concepts associated with coil lay-outs and magnetic design. Additionally, the lectures will talk about the mechanics and fabrication methods of a superconducting magnet, with special emphasis on coils and the structural components that aim to control the electro-magnetic forces and deal with the stresses. The course would be finally wrapped up with an explanation of the different systems dedicated to cool a magnet and offer quench protection. It’s relevant to mention here that a quench refers to the abrupt loss of superconductivity when there’s a rise in temperature of the magnet. The magnet coil windings, when in the superconducting state, have zero resistance, due to which no energy is necessary to maintain current flow.
Course 2, which will also run a full day, is about superconducting power devices. This course will be helmed by Italy-based University of Bologna’s Prof. Antonio Morandi, UK-based University of Cambridge’s Dr. Mark Ainslie, and Germany-based KIT’s (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology) Prof. Mathias Noe.
By using superconducting materials, a lot of power system applications are being developed today. To take advantage of superconducting materials’ unique properties, proposals of novel designs have been put forward with the goal of attaining higher performance standards together with newer and better functionalities compared to traditional power devices. This short course will give you useful insights on all these by covering superconducting transformers; superconducting fault current limiters (which are devices that restrict the potential fault current when a fault occurs such as in a power transmission network) without total disconnection; superconducting cables; superconducting magnetic energy storage; and superconducting rotating machinery. The basics of each application will be covered in this course along with lucid description by using case studies together with a few specific demonstrator devices and design considerations. Those attending the course will also get a synopsis of the future research needs and directions for proceeding with superconducting power system applications.
Course 3, which will run a half day, is about superconducting electronics and quantum computation. Germany-based Friedrich Schiller University Jena’s Prof. Paul Seidel (of Institute of Solid State Physics) will be in charge of this course.
In the domain of superconducting electronics, the Josephson effects are the basis for many applications. It was Josephson who predicted the electric current flow (in 1962) between two portions of superconducting material that were disconnected by an insulating material’s thin layer. The Josephson current flows between two superconductors provided they aren’t connected by a battery. In case a battery is placed between them, extremely rapid oscillations are observed in the current, as a result of which no net current flows. Josephson effect is influenced by the existence of magnetic fields in close vicinity of the superconductors. Thus, it can be used to calculate extremely weak magnetic fields.
Course 3 will start with a discussion of Josephson effect from the theoretical aspects and proceed forward to talk about its applications. This will be followed by the introduction of single Josephson junctions, after which will come different circuits such as superconducting quantum interference devices (SQUIDs) and Josephson junction arrays for the voltage standard. Participants of this course will get to know about the reach of superconductor digital electronics – from classical logic circuits to quantum computing and advanced devices.
These would include contributions addressing the engineering and physics features of the applications of superconductivity. These contributions are encouraged to cover the entire spectrum of the field: from materials to electronics and large scale applications, from small-size to large scale, and from prospective HTS materials to established LTS materials. Submission categories include Electronics (Electronic Devices and Circuits, SQUIDs and Sensors, and Detectors); Large Scale (Superconducting magnets, Electric Power Applications, and Other Large Size Applications); and Materials (Wires and Tapes, Materials like Fe-based materials, alloys and simple compounds, cuprates and related materials etc, and Properties like magnetization and AC loss, strain sensitivity, mechanical properties, thermal properties etc).